Electric Vehicle Specifications You Should Know

by IndianAuto Team | 29/03/2019
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Here are definitions of twenty most common terms related to the specifications of an Electric Vehicle (EV)

We have a decent response to a vehicle's image, measure, structure or even its shading. In any case, we shouldn't ignore the specifications of the vehicle, which can be useful in our mission to know whether a specific model is directly for us or not. That is sufficiently hard with a gas-controlled vehicle and even more challenging to drivers who are looking for a first electric vehicle. In spite of the fact that a few, similar to drive and torque, continue into the fearless modern lifestyle of electric-fueled vehicles, there are a few new terminologies with which you will need to understand before looking for another or utilized battery-controlled model. Here is a speedy list of terms you will normally see when using electric vehicles.

electric vehicle engine

There are certain things you should know before buying an electric vehicle

1. AMP

It is the abbreviation for ampere, an electricity unit that alludes to the stable current generated by one volt connected over one-ohm resistance.

2. BATTERY

A fundamental EV part, this is known as an electric stockpiling unit where chemical energy can be changed into power and utilised as a power source. Government guidelines expect automakers to maintain EV batteries under guarantee for the minimum period of 8 years or at least 100,000 miles (depending on which comes first).

3. CHARGING

This is a process of renewing an electric vehicle's battery with power; this might either be practised at home through a standard divider outlet or via a 220-volt line or in other ways, through a workplace-based or a public charging station.

electric charging stations

Electric charging stations are now available in many cities

4. DC FAST CHARGING

Read Article 3 Charging.

5. EV

Another way to say "electric vehicle," it alludes to any method of transportation that utilises at least one electric engine that is powered mostly by a battery. It's also called BEV, which stands for "battery electric vehicle."

6. HORSEPOWER

It is an estimation of a motor or engine's most extreme power yield; an electric engine's yield can likewise be communicated in kilowatts (kW).

7. ICE

Another way to say "internal combustion engine," which is something that none of the electric vehicles feature.

8. KILOWATT

An estimation of electricity, normally truncated as "kW." When it is used to describe an electric engine's most extreme yield, a kW is generally proportional to 1.34 horsepower.

9. KWH

a kilowatt hour

You should understand what your car consumes

Another way to say "kilowatts every hour," it is an estimation of power that is identical to the measure of vitality used by 1 kilowatt of intensity in 1 hour. An EV's battery limit is communicated as far as kWh. The EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) utilizes the number of kilowatts every hour expected to power an auto for about 100 miles (abbreviated to "kWh/100 mi") to describe an EV's vitality utilization.

10. LEVEL ONE CHARGING

Known as the slowest approach to refill the battery of the electric vehicle, the Level One Charging utilizations a 110-volt standard divider outlet. Contingent upon different models, it might take from 8 to 24 hours to completely renew a depleted battery.

charging levels

Compare charging time of different charging levels

11. LEVEL TWO CHARGING

The Level Two Charging, achieved using a committed 240-volt electric circuit similar to those utilized for expansive electric apparatuses, generally, slices charging time down the middle over Level One Charging. You might have a Level Two Unit introduced by an expert circuit repairman at home, and it's the sort of charging utilized frequently out in the open and work environment charging stations.

12. LEVEL THREE CHARGING

It is known as the speediest method to recharge an EV's battery. However, it's constrained to which is as yet a general bunch of open charging stations. Likewise named DC Fast Charging, it's ready to convey a drained battery up to an 80% charge in just around an hour and a half. In case you're taking an all-inclusive street with an EV, you'll need to design the course around the accessibility of Level 3 public charging stations.

13. LITHIUM-ION BATTERY

This is a sort of high-vitality battery-powered battery, utilised in EVs and different items like smart phones, use lithium particles as the key segment of the electrochemistry.

the lithium-ion battery

The lithium-ion battery inside a car

14. MPGE

It is known as a miles-per-gallon identical estimation the Environmental Protection Agency made to enable buyers to contrast an electric vehicle's vitality utilization and those that keep running on petroleum derivative. MPGe is determined dependent on a transformation factor of 33.705 kilowatt-long periods of power measuring up to 1 gallon of fuel.

15. RANGE

The number of miles an electric vehicle can go before its battery turns out to be completely drained.

electric vehicle range

Electric vehicle range may soon triple

16. REGENERATIVE BRAKING

A framework utilized in EVs (and half breed controlled vehicles) that recoups vitality generally lost amid braking and deceleration, then sends it to its battery pack to help keep up a charge. A few EVs, similar to the Nissan Leaf or the Chevrolet Bolt EV, can amplify its regenerative braking impact to back off – and notwithstanding convey the car to a stop – and not need to utilize the brakes. It is generally called "one pedal" driving.

17. REX

Called a "range extender electric vehicle," this alludes to an electric vehicle with a little gas motor which kicks in to start a generator which, like this, works the engine once the battery ends up exhausted. By then the vehicle's working reach is restricted just by the measure of gas in its tank. This diminishes the chances of being left stranded along the edge of the street with an empty battery. The renowned car, BMW i3, is accessible as both a REX and a pure EV.

18. STATE OF CHARGE

Likewise called by the abbreviation SOC, it alludes to the number of meters appearing on an EV's instrument board that shows the present level of the battery as a rate.

state of charge for electric vehicle

Pay attention to your car's state of charge

19. TORQUE

It is authoritatively characterized as the bending power that causes a revolution. It's the power you feel, especially, when you're squeezed into the seat as the vehicle quickens forcefully. Electric engines convey 100% of the accessible torque quickly, which empowers quick dispatches and solid passing capacities. A high torque rating generally makes a motor or engine with restricted pull feel speedier.

20. ZEV

This shortened form means "zero emanations vehicle," which implies it creates no tailpipe discharges. All pure electrical vehicles belong to the ZEV assortment.

Read more tips and guides from IndianAuto

How To Save Money On Charging Electric Cars

Hybrid vs. All-electric car: What are the differences?

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